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Gynecology is the specialty of medicine that focuses on the female reproductive system, including the uterus, vagina and ovaries. Many issues that gynecology encompasses include:

  • Menstruation
  • Menopause
  • Hormonal issues
  • Infertility
  • Birth control
  • Fibroids and Cysts
  • Gynecologic infections
  • Endometriosis

Gynecology is an important part of health care for women. Because routine gynecological care can help prevent illness and discomfort, lead to early detection of cancers, make pregnancy and childbirth easier, and detect infections and other conditions before they cause serious damage, it is important that a woman sees her gynecologist each year for her annual exam..

Common Medical Terms and most Common Procedures

Tissue is usually taken from the endometrium, cervix or breast to diagnose pre-cancer or cancer.
Common gyncologic follow-up for abnormal Pap smears.
Surgical removal of the uterus which can be performed via the abdomen, the vagina or laparoscopically.
Removed through an incision in the lower abdomen.
Detached by laparoscopic instruments and removed through small incision at the top of the vagina.
Removed through vagina.
The removal of abnormal cervical tissue when a Pap smear indicates the presence of abnormal cells.
Laser removal of lesions from vagina, cervix, and vulva.
Fallopian tubes are severed and sealed in order to prevent fertilization.

What The Results of Your Pap Smear Mean

Cells look normal. No cancer cells are seen.
Germs have grown inside or outside of the body and can spread from one person to another. No cancer cells are seen.
Cells don't look exactly normal, but cancer cells are not seen.
Pre-cancer cells are present. These cells are not cancer but can change into cancer.
The earliest pre-cancer changes.
Later pre-cancer changes.
The latest pre-cancer changes.